After returning from the last field trip to Lombok, now it is time for the comparative analysis of the case studies.
After returning from the last field trip to Lombok, now I am working at the office in Jakarta again. Since I have now visited all subprojects that I have to analyse, the comparison can begin. In earlier blogposts I already wrote something about transmigration and about poverty alleviation. This time I uploaded some images in the album "DISIMP-II subproject comparison" that can be found at the left side of this page.
The first image is a map of the subprojects of the DISIMP-II programme, with the four subprojects that I visited highlighted.
The second image shows a bar diagram of the cultivated area of the four case studies. The biggest project, Jurang Sate, covers more than 10.000 hectares and this entire area is already cultivated. For the other projects however it is clear that the target is far higher than the actual status of land cultivation.
Number of WUAs
The third image is a bar diagram of the number of water users associations (WUAs) in the subprojects. In dark blue the number of actual active WUAs is given and in lightblue the target of WUAs still to be established. The red dash gives the appropriate number of WUAs based on the literature, which is the total area divided by 85 hectares (so, one WUA per 85 hectares of farmland).
The fourth image shows a graph of the poverty rates for the subprojects since 2004. For reference I included the average poverty rate in rural areas in Indonesia. Except for Toraut, the level of poverty is very high. However, a clear decline in poverty rates is visible! The target of the DISIMP-II programme is to decrease the poverty rate from the base level of 32% in 2007.
Involved government bodies
During the field visits, and also by reading the relevant laws and regulations, it striked my how many government bodies are involved. The fifth image shows a scheme of main bodies that are involved. The high number of actors results often in confusion and the irrigation projects are delayed because of unclear responsibilities and authorities. (n.b. WUAs are technically not government bodies).